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Push against Isis in Raqqa to begin ‘within weeks’

US and allies to step up air strikes around stronghold in northern Syria

Aleppo and Mosul — two sides of one sprawling war

Notebook: Success will be judged by how the people are treated after the offensives

Russia scraps warship refuelling in Spanish enclave

Nato expressed concern battle group would be used to escalate bombardment of Aleppo

Radio voices take Mosul battle to the airwaves

Civilian and military stations are on the front line in fight to free city from Isis

143 - Nazir Wakil in his German course at the Volkshochschule in Frankfurt / Oder in Germany, 30.9.2016 Nazir Wail im Deutsch Unterricht in der Volkshochschule in Frankfurt Oder, Deutschland, 30.9.2016
©Jan Zappner

A Syrian refugee in Germany: battling bureaucracy

Eye doctor Nazir and his family settle into community life but face language barriers

©Jan Zappner; Gordon Welters

Syrian refugees in Germany answer your questions

Ahmad, Nazir and Aziz share experiences of fleeing Syria to build a life in Europe

Syrian refugee in Germany: war fears on the stage

Aziz Dyab brings his recollections of fleeing Idlib to German community theatre

Egypt sugar raids attacked but PM hails sweet success

Government plunders factories and warehouses to address shortage

Tensions rise between Baghdad and Ankara over Mosul

Turkey says it has killed 17 Isis fighters in battle for Iraq’s second city

Iran: Inside the battle to succeed Khamenei

Reformists and hardliners vie to influence the choice of the Islamic republic's senior cleric

Isis unleashes revenge as Iraqis advance on Mosul

Jihadi militants set oil wells and factories ablaze as they are driven out of Qayyara

Isis militants storm Iraqi town of Rutba

Attacks an attempt to drain forces from battle for Mosul

Church bells ring in liberated Iraqi town

Fighters return to Bartella to pray for the first time in two years

Mosul: Voices from a war zone

Optimism and unity abound, but is there a plan for what happens next?

Isis launches counter-attack on Kirkuk

Islamist group’s first big incursion into an Iraqi city in months

Erdogan struggles to reach Middle East ambitions

President’s frustrated policy goals play out in reclaimed Syrian town of Jarablus

Isis returns to terrorise Iraqis as army moves on

Jihadi fighters emerge from tunnels to fire on fleeing villagers

Rouhani dismisses Iran’s culture minister

Ali Jannati credited with pushing for more cultural freedoms in Islamic republic

Turkish jets strike US-backed Kurdish militia in Syria

Up to 200 killed in attacks on shelters, ammunition storage and armoured vehicles

Secret tunnels and booby traps hamper march on Mosul

Hidden dangers left by fleeing Isis militants pose risk to advancing Kurds